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English Language Immersion Program

From Bike Collectives Wiki

This was written by Ignacio Rivera de Rosales with BICAS. This wiki version is a work in progress, so you might want to ignore it for now.


There are so many people that have helped and inspired me along the way to accomplish this goal of mine and now I want to take the time to thank as many people as possible. I hope that I do not leave anybody out and if I do please empty your water bottle on me the next time you see me.

To the staff members of BICAS that have sweated through countless hours of underground work with me, and have endured my loud mouth. You have all given me the inspiration, will, and desire to accomplish this and I could never have done it without all the knowledge each one of you has given me. Thank you for putting up with my screaming, sometimes demanding, bossy style. I love you all and admire every one of you: Troy, Don, Ellie, Bellucci, Novelli, Shingo, Milenko, Jeff, Dimitri.

To my family that has always thought that I was crazy, but has never asked me to change. Thank you for the years of love. My mother she is the greatest in the world and I wish that we could make the drive from Galloping Hill to the Westport Y again someday. La mejor madre de todo el mundo. Millones de besos. Chris, Enrique, Ana no brothers and sister are better.

To the board members at BICAS that believed in me to allow me to try to captain the greatest ship the desert has ever seen. It is the opportunity that has given me a life time. Thank you, Greg, Ingrid, Bill, Dwight, Andy, Wendy, Lisa, Terry, Glenn, Yeah even you Al. Thanks you have been a real life teacher.

To City High and all the kids that have fearlessly followed me down the road and all the folks I have taught around the state.

To the folks at Pima county department oftransportation thank you for the opportunity and the belief that I could help build a healthy community with you: Matt, Donna, Dave, Olga, Susan.

To my teachers and classmates that have joined me in the LRC program at the University of Arizona. Thank you fbr inspiring me to develop this program and for the ideas that hopefully make this a real educational tool. It was in those classes that the dream came and through the classes this has become my project. Thanks.

Y ahora la mas guapa de todo el mundo. Daniela Diamente. You are my inspiration and apoyo. I could not do what I do without your heart and grace. You believed in me when my ideas were just dreams and gave me the motivation to make them real. Now I dream of us and you are always there. Thank you for being the greatest person I have ever met, the most beautiful, and most graceful. This is for you and all your love. THANK YOU! ! !



BICAS (Bicycle Inter-Community Action & Salvage) first started as an organization called Bootstraps to Share of Tucson, INC. This was a project designed to assist the homeless population in Tucson through helping them attain transportation, work, shelter, food, along with other basic needs. Before long, the project determined that the best thing that they could do was to provide sustainable transportation through recycled bicycles and the skill needed to maintain them. The fbcus grew from helping the homeless to also sharing these skills with kids, and in 1994 BICAS came into existence as a community educational resource for everyone.

For well over a decade now BICAS has been a catalyst for innovative projects by soliciting the participation of the entire community in the process of bicycle recycling and education. We conduct "Build-a-Bike" courses, facilitate a recycling center and community workspace, promote work trade, and participate in public art projects utilizing recycled, "unusable" bicycle parts. BICAS also has recycled art workshops, monthly Bike-in movies, an art gallery, and always has staff on hand to help you with your bike.

Our goal is to become the educational hub for all things related to bicycles in Southern Arizona. We hope to assist our community in becoming a healthier, safer, cleaner, more fun place to live by getting as many people as possible to ride their bicycles. So I hope to see you out there soon so I can make sure that my bell still works.

To this Manual

This manual is designed to be a guide for you as we go through these classes together. It is not an end-all-be-all of bicycle information. However, I believe it to be enough to assist us in completing our objective. It will take us nine class sessions to go through all the material to complete our bicycles. On the last day we will spend some time riding on the road and there will be a test. (It's easy, I promise) The highlighted words throughout the book are words that I think will be helpful for us to understand the material. We will try to emphasize them and make sure we are comfortable with them. Of course, you may already be comfortable with them, but all of your classmates may not be, and maybe there are others that we need to talk about. So please let me know.. There is a glossary in the back of the book to right down the definitions of the highlighted words, as well as space to write in new ones. This manual will always be a work in progress, so let me know what you think, and give me ideas about how to make it better or what information is missing.

To my goals with this class

I hope to inspire you to believe in yourself as a capable individual with mechanical problem solving skills so that you feel comfortable helping bicycles become safe riding machines. Additionally, I hope to help you become a safe bicycle rider. I hope this class gives you the courage to believe in yourself to be a successful student in this country as you learn a new language and culture. At the end of this class I hope that each of you has pride fbr the machine that you have built, understands how it works, and rides it around with your head high with confidence in full stride. I believe that the bicycle is one of the most amazing inventions this world has ever seen and I hope to bring you a piece of the joy that it brings me every day.

This class is also designed for you to work with a partner throughout the nine class sessions. Working with a par.tner takes a lot of patience and respect. You will get stumped, confused, excited, sad, and completely over-joyed together and those are a lot of emotions to share with somebody. So I hope this class helps you understand what it is to work in a team setting. At the end of the course I hope you have gained a friend, the skills to work with a partner, and maybe even a riding buddy.

Rules for this Class

  • Bikes are work and work is fun
  • Right tool for the right job
  • Never take a tool out of someone else's hands
  • Bikes are like people: they come in many different shapes, sizes, colors, and styles and if you are nice to them, they will probably be nice to you

Now I would like to know where you are from. Please mark on the map where you and your classmates are from. There Needs to be a world map here

Bicycle Anatomy

Different styles of bikes

There are many different types of bicycles, yet they all run on the same basic principles. Different types of bicycles are designed for different purposes. It's best to have a bicycle that is made for the type of riding that you will be doing.

Road bikes are built for speed and efficiency. These bikes will be lightweight and minimalist.

Mountain bikes are built for rough terrain and to handle the abuse of mountain biking.

Hybrid and town bikes are built for commuting purposes These bikes are very utilitarian and will often times have fenders and racks for everyday riding.

Touring bicycles are built for long distance riding. They will look much like a road bike but built stronger to carry a heavy load. They will have stronger brakes and enough tire clearance for larger tires and fenders.

Cruisers are built for, well, cruzing. These bikes will be fairly simple and work great for short distance commuting.

BMX, Bicycle Motor Cross, Bikes are built for dirt track riding and urban trick riding. One geared machines for thrashing action.

Draw the type of bike you might want:

Homework Question: Write about bicycles from where you are from. Tell me all about them, anything you like.

Introduction to the tools

Tool Inventory

  1. Metric Box/ Open End Wrenches 6-19 mm
  2. Crescent wrenches
  3. Allen Wrenches (hint 2 types)
  4. Pliers
  5. Hammer
  6. Headset and Bottom Bracket Wrenches
  7. Screw Drivers
  8. Cone wrenches
  9. Pedal wrench
  10. Chain Tool
  11. Cable Cutters
  12. Headset cup remover
  13. Crank bolt remover
  14. Cotterless crank remover
  15. Chain whip
  16. Cassette and free wheel removers
  17. Spoke ruler
  18. Rubber Mallet
  19. Spanners wrenches
  20. Chain ring nut wrench
  21. Channel Locks
  22. Offset brake wrenches
  23. Spoke wrenches
  24. Grease
  25. Lubricants

Structured Dismantling of the Bicycle

To begin learning how a bicycle works it is quite helpful to understand how it is put together, and taking it apart is a fun way to do that. This allows us the chance to get our hands on all the tools and understand how they work.

When undoing or fastening bolts and such:

  • Righty - Tighty- Clockwise
  • Lefty - Loosey- Counter Clockwise

So reverse thread means:

  • Righty - Loosey
  • Lefty - Tighty

So here we go!!!!

Step One: Remove Pedals

Note: Non-drive side is reverse thread.

Trick: Stand behind bike and place pedal wrench on pedal parallel with ground and push down on both sides.

Step Two: Clip and Remove all cables

Note: Try to keep them as long as possible

Step Three: Remove Chain

Note:Do not completely remove chain pin.

Step Four: Remove Wheels

Step Five: Remove Derailleurs

Careful don't loose any bolts or barrel adjusters.

Step Six: Remove Cranks

Note: Shown is the removal of a 3 piece cotter less crank Tools that we might need

6a. Remove crank bolt

6b. Remove crank arm

Remove crank arm using crank arm remover

Note: Remember to thread different part in separately and to tighten the first one with a crescent wrench

Step Seven: Remove Handle Bars, Stem and Shifters

Note: To remove stem and bars first loosen stem bolt. Then tap it with a hammer.

Seven A. Remove shifter

Note: Shifters can be in many different places so investigate

Step Eight: Remove Brake Calipers

If you have cantilever or v-brakes do not remove them Just like the derailleurs don't loose any bolts or adjusters.

Step Nine: Remove Seat post


If you are still with me, you have done it! ! What you have left should look like this:

If it does, then the frame is naked and it needs a bath. So scrub away. Don't be scared, get right in there and clean, clean, clean.

Homework Question: Now that you have taken all the parts 08 of ,your bicycle, do you remember their names? Fill in as many blanks as you can on the bicycle anatomy take-home work sheet. Leave your work book with me, and trust your brain!

Introduction to ball bearing system

Murphy's bicycle laws

Head Sets

Bottom Brackets

3 piece



Rear: cassette and freewheel



Friction shifting

Index Shifting


Safe bicycle riding